Friday, 21 November 2014

Procedure to Convert A Public Company Into Private Company

The Companies Act, 2013 was expected to simplify the provisions but on the contrary it brought lot of restriction on doing business. However it is proposed by Ministry of Corporate Affairs to provide various Exemptions to Private Limited Companies. If it approve there will be lot of relaxation to private companies. To take that future advantage many public companies are converting themselves into Private Companies.

Section 13 and section 14 of the Companies Act. 2013 and Rule 33 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules 2014 contain provisions relating to conversion of public company into private Company.
As per section 13 and section 14 of the Companies Act 2013 read with Rule 33 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules 2014. A public company can be converted into private company only after obtaining its shareholder approval by way of passing of special resolution in general meeting .
Second proviso to sub section (1) of section 14 provides that any alteration having the effect of conversion of a public company into a private company shall not take effect except with the approval of the Tribunal.
MCA vide its circular No. 18 dated 11th June 2014 has clarified that as second proviso to sub section (1) of section 14 of the Companies Act 2013 has not yet notified therefore corresponding provisions of Companies Act 1956 i.e. “Sub section (2A) of section 31” shall remain in force. The Central government has delegated such power to Registrar of Companies vide notification No,. 1538(E) dated 10th July 2012 and this delegation power remains in force.
Therefore we just need to file following E-form with Registrar of Companies to convert public company into private company;
  1. MGT-14 (For registering special resolution)
  2. INC-27 (Application for Conversion of Public Company into Private Company)
Sr. No.StepsActions
1Board Meeting
  • To discuss and approve proposal of conversion of the Public company into a Private company.
  • To grant authority to director to take necessary action.
  • To decide place, venue, time of general Meeting & to approve notice calling General Meeting
2Notice of General meetingGive 21 days’ clear notice for the General Meeting proposing the Special Resolutions with suitable Explanatory Statement. Section 101 & Section 102 of the Companies Act 2013
3Filing of Special Resolution with ROC in E-form MGT-14File Form No. MGT-14 within 30 days of passing of the resolution
  • Notice calling General Meeting
  • CTC of the Special resolution
  • Altered AOA
  • Altered MOA
4Filing of INC-27 with ROCFile Form INC-27 with ROC after approval of MGT-14.Attachments
  • Minutes of the General Meeting:
  • Notice calling General Meeting
  • Altered AOA

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