On certain Works Contracts both VAT (WC) & Service Tax are applicable on the Contract price since there involves the transfer of property in goods (sale of goods / materials) subject to VAT levied by the State Government and rendering of Taxable Service subject to Service Tax levied by the Central Government. Thus, the both the state & the Central Governments levy VAT & Service tax on the same taxable base i.e. Contract Price, respectively.
The Contracts /Taxable services where both VAT and Service Tax are applicable are shown as under ,
- Construction contracts, Civil Jobs
- Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMCs)
- Errection of Plant and Machinery etc.
Please note that in such Works Contracts / Taxable Services, the working for levy of VAT & Service Tax is to be done, separately, as per the provisions of VAT & Service Tax. Only in the case where the Contractor opts for A-1 legal option of actual labour deduction method, he can pay Service Tax on the actual labour portion and VAT on actual Material value. Otherwise only A-2 (Standard deduction) and B (Composition Tax) options are available under VAT and No deduction for levy of Service Tax for the Contractor. The Abatements are available under the Service Tax law for specific Taxable Services towards the value of material / goods involved in the same. Like 67% Abatement from the contract value is available under the Construction Services .
- Concept & Levy of C.S.T. on Inter state Works Contracts
The Central Government amended the definition of ` Sale’ under the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956 from 11.5.2002. With the said amendment, the states are empowered to levy C.S.T. on the interstate works contract. By the said amendment, the concept of `Interstate works contract’ was introduced in the C.S.T. Act by inserting in the definition of `Sale’ , the words “Transfer of Property in goods involved in execution of works contract” .
When the Contractor dispatches his goods from one State to another under a individuals works contract, it is a interstate works contract. The sections 3,4,5 of the C.S.T. Act are applicable to such deemed sales in the interstate works contract. Accordingly, the State of dispatch can collect the Central Sales Tax on such deemed interstate sales . The Contractors may not be allowed the interstate depot transfers in the cases of indivisible works contracts since such dispatches are made to the sites of the contractee situated in other state and the same are earmarked for the specific contractee. The Contractor would invoice to the Contractee from the state of dispatch and would charge CST as applicable , with or without C/D Forms.
Recently, the CST Act was further amended to explain, the deductions available on the total contract price to the Contractor to arrive at the material value. Please note that in interstate works contracts also, the C.S.T. is payable only on the Material Value/Price’ of the Contract and not on the Labour’ portion of the Contract.
The examples of interstate works contract would be that of Contractor from Mumbai, dispatching goods from his Mumbai plant to the site in Chennai (Tamil Nadu) under a indivisible works contract or A Manufacture in Mumbai dispatching his own material to a processor in Surat and the processor returns back the processed material back to the Mumbai Manufacturer. The Surat processor would charge 4% CST against `C’ form on the material value of his invoice amount being a interstate works contract in his hands .
Please note that when it is an interstate works contract, the Contractee would raise an invoice on the Customer situated in other state with applicable rate of CST on the Material value of the contract, but the Customer would not deduct any amount towards TDS since there is no provision of T.D.S. under the CST Act. TDS is to be deducted only in the local works contracts where the Contractor has charged VAT/Composition Tax.
In short, if the Contractor dispatches goods from his state to the State of the Contractee (Customer) under an indivisible works contract, it is a interstate Works contract in the hands of such Contractor subject to levy of CST which is collected by the state of dispatch . However, in the interstate works contracts also , C.S.T. is payable only on the `Material Value’ of the Contract .